Nouns are words used for naming things, animals, places etc. There are many types of nouns, but for the sake of this lesson, let’s talk about the most occurring two: Proper nouns and Common nouns.
Proper nouns are used to identify specific or particular words.
For example: Jack lives in Atlanta. In this expression, Jack is a Proper noun, referring to a particular person, while Atlanta is a Proper noun referring to a particular place.
Sharon is a girl.
His dog’s name is Bingo.
Mercedes is an expensive car.
Common nouns are used for naming general words.
Boys are stronger than girls.
Teachers are better than Nurses.
I love dogs.
My city is the most beautiful.
Boys, girls, teachers, nurses and dogs are all common nouns.
|PLURAL OF NOUNS .|
|Nouns are pluralized in many ways like:|
|1. Most nouns are pluralized by adding an‘s’ to the singular noun.|
|The ‘s’ is pronounced as /s/ after a ‘p, k or f’, but it is pronounced as /z/ when‘s’ is placed after words ending with ‘ce, ge, se and ze’.|
|2. Nouns ending in ‘o’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘ss’ and ‘x’ form their plural by adding ‘es’.|
|However, foreign-loan words ending in ‘o’ only add an‘s’.|
|E.g. Kilo - Kilos, Photo - Photos, Piano - Pianos|
|3.Nouns ending in –y following a consonant change it to –ies|
|However, nouns ending in –y following a vowel form their plural by adding an ’s’.|
|4. Nouns ending in –f and –fe change it to –ves.|
|5. Some other nouns form their plural by changing their vowels.|
Adjectives are words used to describe things, ideas or persons. In English, adjectives usually come before the nouns.
E.g. Good, bad, ugly, beautiful, intelligent, serious, great, kind, etc.
I have a beautiful friend.
She is intelligent.
He is a good man.
A bad idea.
They are lazy.
He is not a serious student.
I have a great guy.
Deborah is a kind girl.
That man is ugly.