Italian Auxiliary verbs(t o have & to be)

 

AUXULIARY VERBS

There exist two auxiliary verbs in Italian namely: avere (to have) and essere(to be).

Note: in Italian, the subject pronouns could be omitted. It is not usually used whether in writing or speaking except for emphasis. The respective subject pronoun is reflected in the verbs.

Avere - To have 
Present tense
Ho ( oh ) - I haveavevo (ah - veh - voh ) - I had
Hai ( hi ) - you haveavevi ( ah - veh - vee ) - you had
Ha ( ah ) - He/she hasaveva ( ah - veh - vah ) - He/she had
Abbiamo ( ah - byah - moh )- We haveavevamo ( ah - veh - vah - moh ) - we had
Avete ( ah - veh - teh ) - You haveavevate ( ah - veh - vah - tay ) - you had
Hanno ( ah - noh ) - They haveavevano ( ah - veh - vah - noh ) - they had
Future Tense
Avrò (ahv-roh)I will have
Avrai ( ahv-reh)you will have
Avrà ( ahv-rah)he/she will have
Avremo ( ahv-reh-moh)we will have
Avrete (ahv-reh-teh)you will have
Avranno (ahv-rah-noh)they will have
Avere freddo - To be coldAvere ragione - To be right
Avere torte - to be wrongAvere sete - To be thirsty
Avere caldo - To be hotAvere sonno - To be sleepy
Avere fame - To be hungryAvere fretta - To be in a hurry
Essere - To be
Present Tense
Sono ( soh - noh ) - I amEro ( eh - roh ) - I was
Sei ( say ) - You areEri ( eh - ree ) - You were
È ( eh) - He/she isEra ( eh - rah ) - He/she was
Siamo (see-ah-moh) - We areEravamo ( eh - rah - vah - moh ) - We were
Siete ( see - eh - tay ) - You areEravate ( eh - rah - vah - teh ) - You were
Sono ( soh - noh ) - They areErano ( eh - rah - noh ) - They were
Future tense
Sarò (sah-roh)I will be
Sarai ( sah-ry)You will be
Sarà (sah-rah)He/she will be
Saremo (sah-reh-mo )We will be
Sarete (sah-reh-teh)You will be
Saranno (sah-rah-noh )They will be

 

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